Living abroad can be a life-changing experience. There are many reasons to get out of your comfort zone to explore and learn about different places, customs, and ways of interacting.

Social science studies have shown that international experiences can enhance creativity, reduce intergroup bias, and promote career success. (Harvard Business Review).

This cultural experience, while rewarding will almost certainly come with some culture shock as you adapt to living abroad.

Culture Shock

Culture shock is a common phenomenon. Though it may take months to develop, it often affects teachers living far from home in unexpected ways. Culture shock affects people in more ways than may be expected. The length and impact of each stage vary for all teachers. You can expect to experience at least parts of the following four stages when living abroad.

                                                                                     Source: Sverre Lysgaard, 1955

Visiting the pyramids

Stages of living abroad:

The honeymoon period

“Wow, this is amazing! I’m so lucky to be here!” This stage might feel more like a holiday rather than a job.  You’ll probably have lots of support from your new school to begin with.  Take advantage of the social events, tours, and other types of orientation offered. Often new teachers report that the others in their new teacher cohort group become their closest friends at the school.

The “Why did I do this?” period

You might be homesick and wonder why “they” don’t do things more efficiently or why “their” regulations are so loose/tight. Or you might remember your last school or position with more fondness than it deserves. Only you can decide if you will reject your new culture, refuse to learn the language or engage with your new community. Do you actively look to take advantage of your current situation and the new opportunities that are presented? Some people never move beyond this stage. They only stay at the school long enough to finish their contract.

The adjustment period

“Okay, I’m here now for the time of my contract. This is my school and my new country.” “I’m not going to criticize anymore and I love the food here!”

And adaptation

Eventually, you may start to feel like your new city/country/school are better than what you left behind. You have host country friends and participate in events and activities in the community beyond the school.  This is a stage some expats never get to – they still want that breakfast cereal they can’t buy or they long for the holidays so they can go back home.

International day celebrations – remember and celebrate ‘home’

Remember, the international school community may seem large but in reality, it isn’t and the way you come into and leave a school is critical.  Come with a smile, flexibility, and a willingness to contribute to the school community and leave the school wishing you weren’t going and that they would hire you again enthusiastically.

Returning home for holidays

Be aware that going back home, even for short periods, such as summer holidays, can be difficult.  Your family and friends might not have changed, but you will have.  Some will be envious of your new lifestyle while others will be disinterested.  Try not to take offense as it’s not all about you!

Culture shock is a part of the whole overseas experience just as much as the food, the people, and the environment. By preparing for it and accepting it for what it is, you can prevent it from putting a dampener on an otherwise enriching experience abroad.

This is a good book for teachers new to international schools or those who have just accepted a position and are starting to think about moving abroad: Teaching Overseas: An Insider’s Perspective: Everything You Need to Know to Secure a Job in an American or International School by Kent Blakeney

Returning home for good

Repatriating presents its own challenges! Join our International School Alumni Facebook page for tips on returning home successfully.

Here’s what you need to consider if you’re returning to the UK after teaching overseas. Many of the recommendations can be applied to other countries. You will need a free log-in with TES.




Discover a world of opportunity

Get in touch